Saudi Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 29--32

Universal neonatal hearing screening in a tertiary care center in South India


Ramiya Ramachandran Kaipuzha1, Davis Thomas Pulimoottil2, Padmanabhan Karthikeyan3 
1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Jahra Hospital, Al Jahra, Kuwait
2 Department of ENT, Al Azhar Medical College and Super Specialty Hospital, Idukki, Kerala, India
3 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth University, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Davis Thomas Pulimoottil
Department of ENT, Al Azhar Medical College and Super Specialty Hospital, Ezhalloor, Thodupuzha, Idukki - 685 608, Kerala
India

Objective: The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of hearing loss among newborn infants and to assess the effectiveness and utility of otoacoustic emission (OAE) as a screening tool to detect hearing impairment in newborns and the relationship between selected risk factors and hearing loss. Study Design: This study involved 3121 newborns delivered in a tertiary care center over a 3-year period, who were subjected to distortion product OAE (DPOAE) within 24–72 h of life; failed candidates underwent repeat DPOAE after 30 days. Infants failed the second DPOAE test and then underwent DPOAE and brain stem-evoked response audiometry (BERA) at 3 months of life. Results: 20.95% newborns failed the first screening test, 11.77% failed the second test, and 61.91% of these infants failed the third OAE test. Of the 26 infants who failed the third test, 15 had abnormal results on BERA. Overall, the prevalence of hearing loss was 0.48%. Conclusion: Implementation of a national universal newborn hearing screening program in India is the need of the hour, as early detection of hearing loss will aid early rehabilitation and better outcomes.


How to cite this article:
Kaipuzha RR, Pulimoottil DT, Karthikeyan P. Universal neonatal hearing screening in a tertiary care center in South India.Saudi J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2019;21:29-32


How to cite this URL:
Kaipuzha RR, Pulimoottil DT, Karthikeyan P. Universal neonatal hearing screening in a tertiary care center in South India. Saudi J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Feb 28 ];21:29-32
Available from: http://www.sjohns.org/article.asp?issn=1319-8491;year=2019;volume=21;issue=2;spage=29;epage=32;aulast=Kaipuzha;type=0